SHARED SPACE – CIVILITY IN THE CITY
Streets – Public realm owned by all. The space between buildings. Path to get from A to B.How goods and services are moved.
WWII – Rise of personal auto-motives, public transport. The behaviour of street use evolved.
Present – Car is king.
Pedestrians are marginalised to the sides of the roads (footpaths).
- How pedestrians interact with cars? What are their roles o the street? What and when is dominant on the roads?
- Are pedestrian prioritised? How can they be more involved within the area?
CIVILITY – Politness: the act of showing regard for others.
CIVIC VIRTUE – The cultivation of habits of personal living that are important for the success of the community.
CIVIL BEHAVIOUR – A personal choice for which you take responsibility.
SHARED SPACE – WHAT IS IT?
- More space for public to enjoy. More flexibility within the street. Visually vibrant and appealing.
- How reliant are we on road signage/lights/indications?
- How do people behave without it? Is it different to how they normally would behave? How so?
- Is there away not to rely on strict rules/road indications and rely more on the design and use of the road space.
MOVEMENT VS PLACE – The relationship between the flow of a street is directionally influenced by the design of the street. A street with many regulations like speed controls, traffic lights and crossings will force the behaviour of the cars to act accordingly (slow down, pause or stat within a designated area of the road), just like how streets with defined pedestrian areas will cause foot traffic be regulated in that area. Areas that are designed to be shared will appear differently and lines between foot and car traffic are blurred as they are suited for both to interact.
- Over 93% of public realm is streets
ROAD CONTROL VS OWN DECISION – CONVENTIONAL VS SOCIAL
Shared space streets – Not suitable for all streets
- Social streets – with business access (dining, shopping, social scenery) easy foot traffic flow will encourage business and spending, as it is easy to get around and socialise.
- Main, busy roads that have constant traffic and are primarily used get to another place/area may become too congested if the space won’t allow for cars to quickly get through without distraction.
Behavioural outcomes depend on:
- Negotiation between car to car
- Negotiation between car to pedestrian
- Speed due to the numbers of people/foot traffic and car traffic
- What has hierarchy of the space? How does the design and scale of the space effect the what has hierarchy?
How does shared spaces affect people with disabilities? How do blind, deaf and people with physical and mental disabilities interact with the area? Universal design caters to all.
Time zones – Having assigned times for different things
- Parking times for the public
- Goods and services vehicle loading bay
- Outdoor dining
- Peek foot traffic times
- Peek car traffic times
Well sectioned times to cater for the differnt on going needs the space will encouter. Maximizing the use of the same area by having a well chorographed scheme.
Trust that people will alter their behaviour to match the surrounding conditions. In/out going vehicles, parked cars and pedestrians as well as lingering customers of cafes and resturants. Chorographed when and where vehicles are using shared spacesinfluences the activation of public use. Simplicity of design and outcome, as a result of a complex process and use. Maintaining the design intent, communication to all involved and users to ensure longevity of the space.Awareness stimulates intiative, people comply with what they percieve. If the space is percieved as equal parts pedestrain and vehicle dominananted, drivers will comply and cater to the area by adjusting their speed and being more aware of the surroundings.
- Auckland Council. (n.d.). Retrieved March 08, 2017, from http://www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/en/planspoliciesprojects/councilprojects/sharedspaces/Pages/home.aspx
- Bennett, N. (2014, March 12). On Fort lane [Fit Food]. Retrieved March 08, 2017, from https://nickiebennettnz.wordpress.com/2014/03/12/on-fort-lane/
- Devitt, S. (n.d.). Fort Street and Fort lane [Digital image]. Retrieved March 8, 2017, from http://ecc.co.nz/digest/case-studies/12-fort-street-fort-lane